It is best to make sure that this habit does not break down in early childhood.

It is best to make sure that this habit does not break down in early childhood.

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Sucking and sucking is something completely natural. It satisfies the baby’s innate need to suckle, similar to sucking on the breast. Even toddlers still have this need; it calms them down when they can suck their thumb. The problem: If the children suckle their thumbs or pacifiers for too long, this can damage their teeth and cause misalignments in the jaw.

The children push the upper teeth forward and the lower teeth back with their thumbs. The so-called "open bite" be. This hot asian woman means that when you clench your teeth are not in contact; There is a large gap between the upper and lower rows of teeth.

Gently give up thumb sucking

From kindergarten age at the latest, you should therefore gently but firmly respond to thumb sucking and train the child to ensure that the thumb is not always in the mouth. Often at some point the little ones are embarrassed to suck their thumbs in front of their kindergarten friends or later on their classmates.

If your child is still sucking heavily on the thumb at the age of six or older, it may be that he is psychologically very tense. In this case, a visit to a child therapist, autogenic training for children or children’s yoga can help.

Occasionally, conservative educators or pediatricians recommend extremely ruthless methods of giving up thumb sucking. But modern educational counselors strongly advise against it. "Anyone who drizzles foul-smelling and disgusting-tasting liquids on their thumbs or even ties their hands at night has not understood anything about the necessity of a bad habit" says the family therapist Paul Suer.

"You might as well sit down in front of your favorite food with your hands tied together. Is that why he no longer likes his favorite food? Hardly likely." A suckling calendar can help to gently wean the child from suckling. Every day without thumb sucking is marked with a smiley and after a certain number of times the child receives a reward.

Grinding your teeth can indicate stress

In contrast to adolescence and adulthood, the grinding of teeth in babies and toddlers between the eighth month and the third year of life is a natural development phenomenon. At this age, the new milk teeth shoot through the tooth ridge and grow into the oral cavity.

By grinding the teeth, the chewing surfaces grind each other so that the teeth of the lower row of teeth exactly match the length of the teeth of the upper row of teeth. The children "bite their teeth" as it is called in the jargon of dentists. This necessary grinding process is therefore not an indication of psychological or stress-related problems in the child.

In older children, teeth grinding can indicate an overactive jaw muscle. Bruxism is the medical term for grinding teeth or pressing the jaws together while sleeping or under stress. At night the tension and stress of the day discharge. If you see your child grinding at night, take them to the dentist.

This will put your child’s teeth on "crunched" Examine enamel and teeth for orthodontic problems. He will look for unusual wear and tear on the teeth, for example cracks in the hard tooth substance, sensitivity and possible psychological factors that could contribute to the grinding behavior. Relaxation rituals such as reading aloud or a hot cup of cocoa before going to bed help so that the child sleeps better.

Don’t bite your fingernails in the first place

Nail biting is common among children. It begins between the ages of four and six, increases until the age of twelve or thirteen, and then usually stops again at some point during puberty. Even if the problem should resolve itself, bitten off nails don’t look nice. In addition, nail biting can lead to inflammation of the nail bed and also to misaligned teeth.

It is best to make sure that this habit does not break down in early childhood. At the latest when you notice that your child is chewing their nails, especially in exciting situations such as stress at school, time pressure, trouble with friends or family, you should help them stop chewing.

Because when the child’s mere habit develops into a strategy of reducing stress, it becomes all the more difficult to stop. You can see this in the fact that some adults have not gotten rid of this bad habit either. According to a study by Heidelberg University on the subject "Nail biting in adults" are an estimated ten to 15 percent of Germans nail-biting.

If biting their nails is stress-related, the child can practice relieving stress with substitute actions such as finger playing with a pen.

Picking your nose is not dangerous

A very annoying and also a bit disgusting, but completely harmless habit is picking your nose. Small children in particular are very keen to discover things. So it’s no wonder that they also explore the various holes in the body. But many older children also seem incredibly interested in what’s going on in their noses.

"Boogers are extremely unappetizing, but they are not harmful to health – even if a booger lands in your mouth" explains child and adolescent doctor Gunhild Kilian-Kornell, spokeswoman for the professional association of pediatricians. "Only sharp fingernails or objects that are used for boogling can cause injuries."

But even if there is no threat of health damage, a picking child is embarrassing in many situations. Parents do not have to accept nose picking and should not accept it permanently. You can make it clear to the child that other people are disgusted with it. If your child doesn’t know where to keep their fingers, one can "Occupation ball" help.

Bad habit or deliberate provocation?

It is important for parents to assess whether a bad habit has developed unconsciously or whether the offspring simply wants to test their limits with provocative behavior. If your child grabs their crotch in public, chews their hair with relish, clears their throat every three minutes or demonstratively scratches their buttocks when you stand together at the supermarket checkout, they often just want to find out how you react to this behavior . It doesn’t mean bad. It simply tests your reaction again and again and is happy if it can get you something out of the reserve.

Just turn the tables and think about how you can defuse the situation with humor. For the example of itchy buttocks, just ask: "Well, does it itch? Should I help you?" If you scratch your child’s bottom in public, they’ll likely be a lot more embarrassed than you.

Tips against nail biting: Relieve tension differently Tips against sucking your thumbs: Playfully wean yourself off Tips against grinding teeth: Let yourself fall asleep relaxed Tips against boogling: keep your fingers busy

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Do you already have a daycare place for your child? In some cities it is still difficult to accommodate all the children. Here you can find out what the reason could be that you missed out on finding a daycare place.

No daycare place? One reason for this could be the increased incidence of measles cases in Germany. The disease is also causing new discussions in daycare centers. In Lower Saxony it has even been a requirement for some time to present a completed vaccination certificate. Only then can children get one of the coveted daycare places.

Demand for a measles vaccination

The topic is also making waves in politics. Gottfried Ludewig from the Berlin CDU, for example, calls for a general measles vaccination requirement as a condition for a daycare place. In Germany, however, parents have so far been able to decide for themselves whether they want their children to be vaccinated. But many do not want to be forced to do so and see this as an interference with their right to self-determination.

Why should there be compulsory vaccination?

First and foremost, compulsory vaccination is intended to prevent children in the daycare from being infected with contagious diseases. This also includes measles, which is passed on by droplet transmission. This means that the pathogen spreads when you speak, sneeze or cough.

The World Health Organization (WHO) assumes that measles could be eradicated with consistent vaccinations. However, there is again an increased spread of the disease in Germany.

Trial against the kindergarten teacher: How far does the duty of supervision extend in the daycare center? BGH verdict: Parents can get compensation for missing daycare No vaccination protection: More and more measles cases in Germany

So whether or not you have your child vaccinated is entirely your responsibility. In some cases, however, the chances of getting a day care place could be better with a vaccination.

Trampoline jumping has become a trend sport. The associated gymnastics equipment has been in many gardens for a number of years and not only magically attracts your own children, but also their friends, the children of the neighborhood and in some cases even those you have never seen. In proportion to the number of garden trampolines, not only has the number of injuries increased, but also the number of lawsuits. Because it is not always clear who is liable in the event of an accident.

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The range of injuries is broad

Children want to run around, preferably together, and a garden trampoline is ideal here to get rid of excess energy quickly. The movement is fun, promotes balance and muscle building. But it is also not safe. Experts repeatedly warn of the risk of injury. Bruises, breaks, torn ligaments, but also head injuries, concussions and neck injuries with sometimes dire consequences can happen. So if you place such a play device in the garden, you should consider a few other things in addition to observing the spacing areas and rest periods.

Obligation to supervise is not just an obligation to supervise

A garden is not a public playground and parents must also supervise the children on their own property to ensure that damage is kept away from them. This applies not only to your own children – to varying degrees depending on their age – but also to visiting children. Here, however, the legislature differentiates between contractual and statutory liability. If you have agreed to supervise a child, the situation will later be different in the event of an accident than if this child played there with your own older children without your knowledge.

The matter of the duty of supervision is generally a bit difficult, depends not only on the age but also on the level of knowledge of the children and is a matter of discretion, especially when supervising in your own garden. Ten-year-olds, for example, have limited liability according to their cognitive abilities. So it will always be examined exactly how old the child is and to what extent it was able to assess the situation. Usually nobody is to blame for a typical gambling accident.

Declaration of consent increases liability threshold

"We have four children and they have a corresponding number of friends. In addition, our garden is always open to everyone. If my wife and I were constantly supervising the trampoline, we wouldn’t get anywhere else" Jürgen grins and thinks he has found the optimal solution: "I just put up a sign that says ‚Parents are responsible for their children’".

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